Publications and other papers (Sullivan, S.), in reverse chronological order…


Hannis, M. and Sullivan, S. Under contract, submitted. Relationality, reciprocity, flourishing. In Hartman, L.M. (ed.) Flourishing: Comparative Religious Environmental Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.


Sullivan, S. 2016 Beyond the money shot; or how framing nature matters? Locating Green at Wildscreen. Journal of Environmental Communications. Special issue entitled ‘Spectacular Environmentalisms/Environments’.

Sullivan, S. 2016 Nature is being renamed ‘natural capital’ – but is it really the planet that will profit? The Conversation 13 September 2016

Sullivan, S. 2016 Three of Namibia’s most famous lion family were poisoned – why? The Conversation 23 August 2016

Sullivan, S. 2016 What’s ontology got to do with it? Nature, knowledge and ‘the green economy’. Future Pasts Working Papers 3.

Sullivan, S. and Hannis, M. 2016 Relationality, reciprocity and flourishing in an African landscape: perspectives on agency amongst ||Khao-a Dama, !Narenin and ||Ubun elders in west Namibia. Future Pasts Working Papers 2.

Sullivan, S. Hannis, M., Impey, A., Low, C. and Rohde, R.F. 2016 Future pasts? Sustainabilities in west Namibia – a conceptual framework for research. Future Pasts Working Papers 1.

Sullivan, S. 2016 (Re)embodying which body? Philosophical, cross-cultural and personal reflections on corporeality, pp. 119-138 in Thomas-Pellicer, R., de Lucia, V. and Sullivan, S. (eds.) Law, Philosophy and Ecology: Exploring Re-Embodiments. London: GlassHouse Books, Routledge Law, Justice and Ecology Series.

Thomas-Pellicer, R., de Lucia, V. and Sullivan, S. (eds.) 2016 Law, Philosophy and Ecology: Imagining Re-Embodiments. London: GlassHouse Books, Routledge Law, Justice and Ecology Series.

Sullivan, S. 2016 What’s ontology got to do with it? On the knowledge of nature and the nature of knowledge in environmental anthropology, pp. 155-169 in Kopnina, H. and Shoreman-Ouimet, E. (eds.) Routledge International Handbook of Environmental Anthropology. London: Routledge.


Sullivan, S. and Hannis, M. 2015 Nets and frames, losses and gains: Value struggles in engagements with biodiversity offsetting policy in England. Ecosystem Services 15: 162-173, special issue on ‘Biodiversity Offsets as MBIs? From discourses to practice’, edited by Froger, G., Hrabanski, M. and Boisvert, V.

Mueller, T. and Sullivan, S. 2015 Making other worlds possible? Riots, movement and counterglobalisation, pp. 239-255 in Davies, M. (ed.) Disturbing the Peace: Collective Action in Britain & France, 1381 to the Present. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sullivan, S. 2015 On ‘natural capital’ and ‘ecosystem services’ in the proposed Nature and Well-being Act (The Wildlife Trusts and RSPB). 16 January 2015 LCSV blog.


Sullivan, S. and Low, C. 2014 Shades of the rainbow serpent? A KhoeSān animal between myth and landscape in southern Africa – ethnographic contextualisations of rock art representations. The Arts 3(2): 215-244, special issue on World Rock Art,

Sullivan, S. 2014 Nature on the Move III: (Re)countenancing an animate nature. In Büscher, B., Dressler, W. and Fletcher, R. (eds.) Nature Inc: New Frontiers of Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age. University of Arizona Press.

Sullivan, S. and Hannis, M. 2014 Nets and frames, losses and gains: Value struggles in engagements with biodiversity offsetting policy in England. LCSV Working Paper 5.

Sullivan, S. 2014 The natural capital myth; or will accounting save the world? Preliminary thoughts on nature, finance and values. LCSV Working Paper 3.

Fredriksen, A. Bracking, S., Greco, E., Igoe, J.J., Morgan, R. and Sullivan, S. 2014 A conceptual map for the study of value: An initial mapping of concepts for the project ‘Human, non-human and environmental value systems: an impossible frontier?’ LCSV Working Paper 2.

Bracking, S., Brockington, D., Bond, P., Büscher, B., Igoe, J.J., Sullivan, S., and Woodhouse, P. 2014 Initial research design: ‘Human, non-human and environmental value systems: an impossible frontier?’ LCSV Working Paper 1.


Sullivan, S. 2013 After the green rush? Biodiversity offsets, uranium power and the ‘calculus of casualties’ in greening growth. Human Geography. 6(1): 80-101.

Martin. A., McGuire, S. and Sullivan, S. 2013 Global environmental justice and biodiversity conservation. The Geographical Journal 179(2): 122-131.

Sullivan, S. 2013 Banking nature? The spectacular financialisation of environmental conservation. Antipode 45(1): 198-217. [This is the final iteration of a conference paper entitled The environmentality of ‘Earth Incorporated’: on contemporary primitive accumulation and the financialisation of environmental conservation’, presented at the conference A Brief Environmental History of Neoliberalism, Lund University, Sweden, May 2010. In March 2011 it also constituted the basis for an open online seminar run by the Open Anthropology Cooperative, which can be viewed here.]

Sullivan, S. 2013 Nature on the Move III: (Re)countenancing an animate nature. New Proposals: Journal of Marxism and Interdisciplinary Enquiry. Third part of a triptych of papers on the theme of ‘Nature on the Move’, with the first authored by political scientist Bram Büscher, the second authored by anthropologist Jim Igoe. Our introduction to the triptych is here.

Sullivan, S. 2013 Should nature have to prove its value? Green Economy Coalition blog post.

Sullivan, S. 2013 The natural capital myth. Public Political Ecology Lab blog on carbon offsets and REDD+, March 2013.


Sullivan, S. 2012 Financialisation, Biodiversity Conservation and Equity: Some Currents and Concerns. Environment and Development Series 16, Penang Malaysia: Third World Network. ISBN 978-967-5412-69-1

Hannis, M. and Sullivan, S. 2012 Offsetting Nature? Habitat Banking and Biodiversity Offsets in the English Land Use Planning System. Dorset: Green House. ISBN 978-0-9569545-7-2

Büscher, B., Sullivan, S., Neves, K., Brockington, D. and Igoe, J. 2012 Towards a synthesized critique of neoliberal conservation. Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 23(2): 4-30.

Sullivan, S. 2012 On dance and difference: bodies, movement and experience in Khoesān trance-dancing – perceptions of a ‘raver’. In, Anthropology in a Changing World. McGraw-Hill, New York. Reprinted fromDanza e diversità: copri, movimento ed esperienza nella trance-dance dei Khoisan e nei rave occidentali. Africa e Mediterraneo Cultura e Societa 37: 15-22., also in 2006, pp. 234-241 in Haviland, W.A., Gordon R., and Vivanco, L. (eds.) Talking About People: Readings in Contemporary Cultural Anthropology, 4th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Green: an activist film. In Blewitt, J. The media, animal conservation and environmental education. London: Routledge.

Pawliczek, J. and Sullivan, S. 2011 Conservation and concealment in, USA: an analysis of neoliberal performance in the species offsetting industry. Environmental Conservation 38(4):435-444 Themed Issue on Payments for Ecosystem Services.

Sullivan, S., Spicer, A. and Böhm, S. 2011 Becoming global (un)civil society: struggles in the global Indymedia network, Globalizations 8(4) (with ). Earlier version available here as LSE Non-Governmental Public Action (NGPA) Research Paper Series 42 (2009).

Sullivan, S. 2011 Conservation is sexy! What makes this so, and what does this make? An engagement with Celebrity and the Environment. Conservation and Society 9(4):334-345.

Frenzel, F., Böhm, S., Quinton, P., Spicer, A., Sullivan, S. and Young, Z. 2011 Alternative media in North and South – a comparison: the cases of IFIWatchnet and Indymedia in Africa. Environment and Planning A43: 1173-1189.

Sullivan, S. 2011 Supposing truth is a woman? A commentary. International Journal of Feminist Politics13(2): 231-237.

Sullivan, S. 2011 A technological recipe for making nature the friend of capital. The Land Summer: 44-46.

Sullivan, S. 2011 On bioculturalism, shamanism & unlearning the creed of growth. Geography and You March-April: 15-19. Reprinted from Bioculturalism, shamanism & economics, Resurgence 250 (2008), online.

Sullivan, S. 2011 Green: going beyond ‘the money shot’, online at Studying Green.

Sullivan, S. 2010 ‘Ecosystem service commodities’ – a new imperial ecology? Implications for animist immanent ecologies, with Deleuze and Guattari,
New Formations: A Journal of Culture/Theory/Politics 69:111-128, Special issue entitled Imperial Ecologies

Problematizing neoliberal biodiversity conservation: displaced and disobedient knowledge, Current Conservation 3(3): 4-7 (With Igoe, J. and Brockington, D.).

Ecosystem service commodities, Geography and You.

Alternative view of Serengeti road, Letter to Nature 467: 788-789 (with Homewood, K. and Brockington, D.).

Sullivan, S. 2009 Green capitalism, and the cultural poverty of constructing nature as service-provider.
Radical Anthropology 3:18-27.

An ecosystem at your service? The Land, Winter 2008/9: 21-23.

Problematizing Neoliberal Biodiversity Conservation: Displaced and Disobedient Knowledges, London, IIED (with J. Igoe).

Globalization from below? ICTs and democratic development in the project ‘Indymedia Africa’, pp. 165-182 in Mudhai, F. (ed.) African Media and the Digital Public Sphere, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke. (with Frenzel, F.).

Review of DDS Community Media Trust, P.V. Satheesh and Michel Pimbert (2008)‘Affirming life and diversity. Rural images and voices on food sovereignty in south India’, IIED, London. PLA notes, IIED, London (with Z. Young).


Maps and memory, rights and relationships: articulations of global modernity and local dwelling in delineating a communal area conservancy in north-west Namibia. Unpub. ms.

‘Viva Nihilism!’ On militancy and machismo in (anti-)globalisation protest, in Devetak, R. and Hughes, C. (eds.) Globalization of Political Violence: Globalization’s Shadow, Warwick Studies in Globalisation, Routledge, London. This is an edited version of a working paper published in 2005 here.

Shell to Sea’ in Ireland: building social movement potency, Non-Governmental Public Action (NGPA) Working Paper Series 5 (with Salter, K.).

Conceptualising glocal organisation: from rhizome to E=mc2 in becoming post-human, pp. 149-166 in Kornprobst, M., Pouliot, V., Shah, N. and Zaiotti, R. (eds.) Metaphors of Globalisation: Mirrors, Magicians and Mutinies, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Blogs, in Robertson, R. and Scholte, J.A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of globalization, Routledge, London.

‘Indymedia’, in Anderson, G. and Herr, K. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice, London: Sage Publications (co-written as part of five member collective).

Review of Goodridge, J. 1999 ‘Rhythm and timing of movement in performance: drama, dance and ceremony’, Jessica Kingsley Publishers Ltd, London. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute13(3): 748-9.

The elephant in the room
? Problematizing ‘new’ (neoliberal) biodiversity conservation,
Forum for Development Studies 33(1):105-135.

other world is possible? On representation, rationalism and romanticism in Social Forums, Special Issue ephemera: theory and practice in organization 5(2): 370-392. 

Sensing the Forum: a collage, Special Issue ephemera: theory and practice in organization, 5(2) (with Böhm, S.).

The organisation and politics of Social Forums, Special Issue ephemera: theory and practice in organization, 5(2), pp. 98-442. (guest edited with Böhm, S., and Reyes, O.).

We are heartbroken and furious!’ Rethinking violence and the (anti-)globalisation movements’, pp. 175-194 in Maiguashca, B. and Eschle, C. (eds.) Critical Theories, World Politics and ‘the Anti-globalisation Movement’, London, Routledge. Based on a working paper published in 2004 here.

Detail and dogma, data and discourse: food-gathering by Damara herders and conservation in arid north-west Namibia, pp. 63-99 in Homewood, K. (ed.) Rural Resources and Local Livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa. James Currey and University of Wisconsin Press, Oxford.

Riflessioni sulla ‘nuova’ (neoliberista) protezione ambientale (con casi pratici dalla Namibia), (Reflections on ‘new’ (neoliberal) conservation (with case material from Namibia, southern Africa), Africa e Orienti 2: 102-115.

Natural resources: use, access, tenure and management,pp. 118-166 in Bowyer-Bower, T. and Potts, D. (eds.) Eastern and Southern Africa, new regional text commission by the Institute of British Geographers’ Developing Areas Research Group, London, Addison Wesley Longman. (with Homewood, K.).

Namibia, in Skutsch, Karl (ed.) Encyclopedia of the World’s Minorities, London, Routledge.

Damara, in Skutsch, Karl (ed.) Encyclopedia of the World’s Minorities, London, Routledge.

Barcelona 22-25 January 2004: First International Conference on ‘Social Movements and Activist Research’. CSGR Newsletter 11: 12-15

On non-equilibrium and nomadism: knowledge, diversity and global modernity in drylands (and beyond …). Updated version of CSGR Working Paper 122/03. (with Homewood, K.).

Protest, conflict and litigation: dissent or libel in resistance to a conservancy in north-west Namibia, pp. 69-86 in Berglund, E. and Anderson, D. (eds.) Ethnographies of Conservation: Environmentalism and the Distribution of Privilege. Oxford, Berghahn Press.

Qualitative research, pp. 57-74 in Scheyvens, R. and Storey, D. (eds.) Fieldwork and Development Studies: a Rough Guide. London, Sage Publications. (with Brockington, D.). Reworked as a working paper published in 2004 entitled ‘Qualitative methods in globalisation studies: or, saying something about the world without counting or inventing it’.

Frontline(s). ephemera: critical dialogues on organization 3(1): 68-89.

Review of Anderson, D. and Broch-Due, V. (eds.) 1999 ‘The Poor are not Us: Poverty and Pastoralism in Eastern Africa’, James Currey, East African Educational Publishing and Ohio University Press, Oxford, Nairobi and Athens. The Journal of Modern African Studies.41(4).

‘Anger is a gift!’ Or is it? Engaging with violence in the (anti-)globalisation movement(s). CSGR Newsletter10: 11-14.

Radical Theory Workshop @ the 2nd European Social Forum: Some Notes. CSGR Discussion Paper.

On non-equilibrium in arid and semi-arid grazing systems.
Journal of Biogeography 29(12): 1595-1618. (with Rohde, R.).

How sustainable is the communalising discourse of ‘new’ conservation? The masking of difference, inequality and aspiration in the fledgling ‘conservancies’ of Namibia, pp. 158-187 In Chatty, D. and Colchester, M. (eds.) Conservation and Mobile Indigenous people: Displacement, Forced Settlement and Sustainable Development. Oxford, Berghahn Press.

How can the rain fall in this chaos?’ Myth and metaphor in representations of the north-west Namibian landscape, pp. 255-265, 315-317 in LeBeau, D. and Gordon, R.J. (eds.) Challenges for Anthropology in the ‘African Renaissance’: A Southern African Contribution, University of Namibia Press, Publication Number 1.

Inventory and review of ethnobotanical research in Namibia: first steps towards a central ‘register’ of published indigenous plant knowledge. NBRI Contributions 3. National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek. (With Craven, P.).

Difference, identity and access to official discourses: Hai||om, ‘Bushmen’, and a recent Namibian ethnography.
Anthropos 96: 179-192.

Review of Mistry, J. 2000 ‘World savannas: ecology and human use’. Prentice Hall, London. Progress in Physical Geography, 25(2): 299-300.

Review of Kinahan, Jill. 2000 ‘Cattle for beads: the archaeology of historical contact and trade on the Namib coast’. Dept. of Archaeology & Ancient History and Namibia Archaeological Trust, University of Uppsala and Windhoek. Cimbebasia 17: 258-260.

Invited letter. In Martin, G. (ed.) ‘Managing Resources’, People and Plants Handbook.6: 6-7, WWF/UNESCO/Kew Gardens.


Gender, ethnographic myths and community-based conservation in a former Namibian ‘homeland’, pp. 142-164 in Hodgson, D. (ed.) Rethinking Pastoralism in Africa: Gender, Culture and the Myth of the Patriarchal Pastoralist. Oxford, James Currey.

Getting the science right, or introducing science in the first place? Local ‘facts’, global discourse – ‘desertification’ in north-west Namibia, pp. 15-44 in Stott, P. and Sullivan, S. (eds.) Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power. London, Edward Arnold.

Introduction, pp. 1-11 in Stott, P. and Sullivan, S. (eds.) (2000) Political ecology: Science, Myth and Power. London, Edward Arnold. (with Stott, P.). Political Ecology: Science, Myth and Power. London, Edward Arnold. (edited with Stott, P).

Gambling with risk. Review of Mortimore, M. 1998 ‘Roots in the African Dust: sustaining the drylands’ Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 6(4): 751-752.

The impacts of people and livestock on topographically diverse open wood-and shrub-lands in arid north-west Namibia.
Global Ecology and Biogeography (Special Issue on Degradation of Open Woodlands) 8: 257-277.

Folk and formal, local and national: Damara cultural knowledge and community-based conservation in southern Kunene, Namibia. Cimbebasia 15: 1-28.

Rural planning in Namibia: state-led initiatives and some rural realities. Appendix 3 inDalal-Clayton, B. DfID-funded IIED overview of rural planning, International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

Human impacts on woody vegetation, and multivariate analysis: a case study based on data from Khowarib settlement, Kunene Region.
Dinteria 25: 87-120. (with Konstant, T.L.).

Towards a non-equilibrium ecology: perspectives from an arid land.
Journal of Biogeography 23: 1-5.

The ‘communalization’ of former commercial farmland: perspectives from Damaraland and implications for land reform. Windhoek: Social Sciences Division of the Multidisciplinary Research Centre, University of Namibia, Research Report 25.

People and plants on communal land in Namibia: the relevance of indigenous range and forest management practices, and land tenure systems, to in situ plant genetic resources conservation in the arid and semi-arid regions of Namibia. Consultancy report, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute and the National Botanical Research Institute of Namibia.

The impact of the utilization of palm products on the population structure of the Vegetable Ivory Palm (
Hyphaene petersiana, Arecaceae) in north-central Namibia. Economic Botany 49(4): 357-370. (with Konstant, T.L. and Cunningham, A.B.).

The effects of utilization by people and livestock on Hyphaene petersiana (Arecaceae) basketry resources in the palm savanna of north-central Namibia. Economic Botany 49(4): 345-356. (with Konstant, T.L. and Cunningham, A.B.).

Savanna details with a paradigm shift. Review of An African savanna. Scholes, R.J. and Walker, B.H. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Journal of Biogeography, 4(12): 448.


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